Guess Who This Is

28 Persons awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor:

Alan Shepard

Real/Birth Name:
Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr.
Nickname(s):
Al
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
74
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Scorpio ♏ - the Scorpion - people born October 24 through November 22
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Test pilot and astronaut. Mercury-Redstone 3, in the Freedom 7, a sub-orbital flight to the height of 116 miles, lasting 15 minutes, LM pilot Apollo 14, the fifth person to walk on the Moon, and the only Mercury astronaut to walk on the moon. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1990. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1978. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1977.

Bob Crippen

Real/Birth Name:
Robert Laurel Crippen
Also Known As:
Robert Crippen
Nickname(s):
Crip
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Age today:
80, 26 days before his 81st birthday
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Virgo ♍ - the Virgin - people born August 22 through September 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Pilot of the first orbital test flight of the Space Shuttle program (STS-1, April 12-14, 1981) and commander of three additional shuttle missions: STS-7, STS-41-Cv STS-41-G. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 2001. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2006. Aerospace Walk of Honor 2007.

Charles Conrad

Real/Birth Name:
Charles Peter Conrad Jr.
Also Known As:
Charles "Pete" Conrad
Pete Conrad
Nickname(s):
Pete
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
69
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Gemini ♊ - the Twins - people born May 22 through June 21
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Skylab 2. Third man on the moon in the Apollo 12 mission. Died in a motorcycle accident. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1980. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1978.

Christa McAuliffe

Real/Birth Name:
Sharon Christa Corrigan
Nickname(s):
Teacher in Space
Gender:
Female
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
37
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Virgo ♍ - the Virgin - people born August 22 through September 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

On the Challenger shuttle flight STS-51-L when it exploded before it reached space. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

David M. Brown

Real/Birth Name:
David McDowell Brown
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
46
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Aries ♈ - the Ram - people born March 21 through April 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Died in Columbia STS-107 shuttle disaster, his first astronaut mission. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Edward White

Real/Birth Name:
Edward Higgins White II
Nickname(s):
Ed
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
36
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Scorpio ♏ - the Scorpion - people born October 24 through November 22
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Astronaut and test pilot. Gemini 4 with EVA. The first US astronaut to walk in space. Died in a fire at a pre-flight test run in the Apollo 1 (Apollo 204) capsule. See Gus Grissom, Roger Chaffee. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1997. National Aviation Hall of Fame 2009.

Ellison S. Onizuka

Real/Birth Name:
Ellison Shoji Onizuka
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
39
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Cancer ♋ - the Crab - people born June 22 through July 22
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Test pilot and astronaut. Mission STS-51-C. On the Challenger shuttle flight mission STS-51-L when it exploded before it reached space. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Francis R. Scobee

Real/Birth Name:
Francis Richard Scobee
Also Known As:
Francis Scobee
Dick Scobee
Nickname(s):
Dick
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
46
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Taurus ♉ - the Bull - people born April 21 through May 21
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Test pilot. Shuttle flight STS-41-C as pilot. Commander of the Challenger shuttle flight STS-51-L when it exploded. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 2004. Arizona Aviation Hall of Fame 1998. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Frank Borman

Real/Birth Name:
Frank Frederick Borman II
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Age today:
90
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Pisces ♓ - the Fish - people born February 20 through March 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Test pilot and astronaut. Gemini 7. Flew around the moon on Apollo 8. Received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1978. International Space Hall of Fame. Aerospace Walk of Honor 2000. Arizona Aviation Hall of Fame 1990. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. DeMolay International Alumni Association Hall of Fame 1986. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1982.

Gregory B. Jarvis

Real/Birth Name:
Gregory Bruce Jarvis
Also Known As:
Gregory Jarvis
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
41
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Virgo ♍ - the Virgin - people born August 22 through September 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

On the Challenger shuttle flight STS-51-L when it exploded during launch before it reached space. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Gus Grissom

Real/Birth Name:
Virgil Ivan Grissom
Also Known As:
Virgil I. Grissom
Virgil Grissom
Nickname(s):
Gus
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
40
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Aries ♈ - the Ram - people born March 21 through April 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Mercury-Redstone 4 suborbital flight. Orbited in first Gemini mission, Gemini 3. Died in a fire at a pre-flight test run in the Apollo 1 (Apollo 204) capsule. See Roger Chaffee, Edward White. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1990. International Space Hall of Fame. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1978. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1987.

Ilan Ramon

Real/Birth Name:
Ilan Wolferman
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
48
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Gemini ♊ - the Twins - people born May 22 through June 21
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Changed his last name from Wolferman when he joined the Israeli Air Force. Died in the Columbia disaster mission STS-107. The only non-US person to receive the Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Jim Lovell

Real/Birth Name:
James Arthur Lovell Jr.
Nickname(s):
Jim
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Age today:
90
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Aries ♈ - the Ram - people born March 21 through April 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Missions Gemini 7, Gemini 12, Apollo 8. Ill-fated Apollo 13 flight around the moon. Subject of movie Apollo 13. Received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1995. Presidential Medal of Freedom 1970. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. French Legion of Honor. Wisconsin Aviation Hall of Fame. International Space Hall of Fame. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1998.

John Glenn

Real/Birth Name:
John Herschel Glenn Jr.
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
95
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Cancer ♋ - the Crab - people born June 22 through July 22
Birth Place:

Relationships:

husband of
Annie Glenn, until he died.
Younger than Annie Glenn by 1 year.

Brief Facts:

Fighter pilot in WW2 and the Korean War. Test pilot. First American to orbit the Earth, aboard Friendship 7, Mercury-Atlas 6, on February 20, 1962, orbited 3 times. Democratic Senator from Ohio, December 24, 1974 - January 3, 1999. Flew on shuttle Discovery in 1998, mission STS-95, at age 77, the oldest person in space. Candidate for president 1984. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1990. International Space Hall of Fame 1977. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1978. Congressional Gold Medal 2009. Presidential Medal of Freedom 2012. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1976. Theodore Roosevelt Award 2008.

John Young

Real/Birth Name:
John Watts Young
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
87
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Libra ♎ - the Scales - people born September 24 through October 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Missions Gemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10 (orbited the moon). Shuttle flights STS-1 and STS-9 (with SpaceLab 1) as Commander. Apollo 16 to the moon surface. Drove the Lunar Rover. Chief of the Astronaut Office from 1974-1987. Texas Aviation Hall of Fame 2003. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1981. International Space Hall of Fame. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1988.

Judith Resnik

Real/Birth Name:
Judith Arlene Resnik
Also Known As:
Judith A. Resnik
Nickname(s):
Judy
J.R.
Gender:
Female
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
36
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Aries ♈ - the Ram - people born March 21 through April 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

The second American woman astronaut, logging 145 hours in orbit. Shuttle flight STS-41-D. On the Challenger shuttle flight STS-51-L when it exploded. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004. Ohio Women's Hall of Fame 1984.

Kalpana Chawla

Real/Birth Name:
Kalpana C. Chawla
Nickname(s):
KC
Gender:
Female
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
41
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Cancer ♋ - the Crab - people born June 22 through July 22
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87 in 1997. Died in Columbia STS-107 shuttle disaster. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Laurel Clark

Real/Birth Name:
Laurel Blair Salton
Also Known As:
Laurel Blair Salton Clark
Gender:
Female
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
41
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Pisces ♓ - the Fish - people born February 20 through March 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Medical doctor, United States Navy Captain, NASA astronaut and Space Shuttle mission specialist. Died in Columbia STS-107 shuttle disaster. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Michael P. Anderson

Real/Birth Name:
Michael Phillip Anderson
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
43
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Capricorn ♑ - the Sea-Goat - people born December 23 through January 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

STS-89 Endeavour, 1998, the eighth Shuttle-Mir docking mission. Died in the Columbia STS-107 shuttle disaster on re-entry. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Michael Smith

Real/Birth Name:
Michael John Smith
Also Known As:
Michael J. Smith
Mike Smith
Nickname(s):
Mike
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
40
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Taurus ♉ - the Bull - people born April 21 through May 21
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Test pilot and astronaut. Pilot on the Challenger shuttle flight STS-51-L when it exploded before reaching space. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Neil Armstrong

Real/Birth Name:
Neil Alden Armstrong
Also Known As:
Neil A. Armstrong
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
82, 20 days after his birthday
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Leo ♌ - the Lion - people born July 23 through August 21
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Test pilot. Astronaut. Aerospace engineer. Flew the X-15. Gemini 8. Apollo 11. First person on the Moon. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. Presidential Medal of Freedom 1969. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1978. Congressional Gold Medal 2009. Aerospace Walk of Honor 1991. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1979. Hollywood Walk of Fame: A star at Corner of Hollywood Boulevard & Vine Street for contributions to the television industry; ceremony: 14 January 1993.

Rick Husband

Real/Birth Name:
Rick Douglas Husband
Also Known As:
Rick D. Husband
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
45
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Cancer ♋ - the Crab - people born June 22 through July 22
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Shuttle mission STS-96 in 1999. Died in Columbia STS-107 shuttle disaster. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

Roger Chaffee

Real/Birth Name:
Roger Bruce Chaffee
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
31, 19 days before his 32nd birthday
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Aquarius ♒ - the Water-Carrier - people born January 21 through February 19
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Died in a fire at a pre-flight test run in the Apollo 1 (Apollo 204) capsule. See Gus Grissom, Edward White. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1997. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1997.

Ronald E. McNair

Real/Birth Name:
Ronald Ervin McNair
Nickname(s):
Ron
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
35
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Libra ♎ - the Scales - people born September 24 through October 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

A physicist and NASA astronaut, he flew on shuttle mission STS-41-B aboard Challenger in February 1984, as a mission specialist. He was on his second flight on the Challenger, flight STS-51-L when it exploded. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004. South Carolina Hall of Fame 1997.

Shannon Lucid

Real/Birth Name:
Shannon Matilda Wells
Gender:
Female
Birth Date:
Age today:
75
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Capricorn ♑ - the Sea-Goat - people born December 23 through January 20
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Born in China, in Shanghai, then under Japanese rule, to missionaries. Biochemist and astronaut. Flew in space 5 times. Soviet Mir station 188 days in 1986. Shuttle missions STS-51-G in 1985, STS-34 in 1989, STS-43 in 1991, and STS-58 in 1993. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1996. Oklahoma Women's Hall of Fame 1993. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 2014. National Women's Hall of Fame 1998. Okhahoma Women’s Hall of Fame 1993.

Tom Stafford

Real/Birth Name:
Thomas Patten Stafford
Also Known As:
Thomas Stafford
Nickname(s):
Tom
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Age today:
87, 32 days before his 88th birthday
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Virgo ♍ - the Virgin - people born August 22 through September 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Gemini 6, Gemini 9A, Apollo 10 (orbited the moon), Apollo-Soyuz. International Space Hall of Fame. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 1993. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 1993. Aerospace Walk of Honor 1997. National Aviation Hall of Fame 1997.

William C. McCool

Real/Birth Name:
William Cameron McCool
Also Known As:
Willie McCool
Nickname(s):
Willie
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Death Date:
Age at Death:
41
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Virgo ♍ - the Virgin - people born August 22 through September 23
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Former test pilot. Died in Columbia STS-107 shuttle disaster, he was the pilot. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2004.

William Shepherd

Real/Birth Name:
William McMichael Shepherd
Gender:
Male
Birth Date:
Age today:
69, 21 days after his birthday
Traditional Zodiac Sign:
Leo ♌ - the Lion - people born July 23 through August 21
Birth Place:

Brief Facts:

Astronaut. Missions STS-27, STS-41, STS-52, Soyuz TM-31, Expedition 1 to the ISS, STS-102. U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame 2009. Congressional Space Medal of Honor 2003. International Space Hall of Fame.
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